National Informatics centre (NIC) was set up in March 1977 by
the Government of India.
From the genesis of the concept of NIC in 1973 to its nucleation
by 1975 and followed by
commissioning of NICNET in 1977, it has been a phase of
innovation penetrating through the
barriers of conservatism in Govt. Organizations for Computer
based Information System.
the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding with all the
State Governments and with
their active support in implementing the computer-communication
network, NICNET, the
National Informatics Centre has become a bridge between the
State Governments and the
Central Government on the one hand and the State Governments and
administrations on the other. In NIC's approach to National
Informatics, therefore, the
State Government becomes a focal point with downward
coordination with the District
Administrations and upward coordination with the Central
Government Departments. The
greatest asset of NIC, today, is its pool of about 3000 well
trained and motivated
computer personnel, specialized in informatics, working with
dedication and quietly
catalyzing the transformation of work culture in the
Ministries/Departments. The principal
objectives of NIC include:
of informatics culture at District. State and NationaI
of the analytical capability and presentation of information
utilised for National, State
and District level planning.
of modelling, forecasting and simulation techniques'
that are required for planning
and decision support.
of a computer-communication network lor ensuring ready
access of information across the
nation and enabling optimal use of resources.
standards for data collection, compilation and
dissemination, with the cooperation of
related agencies at District, State and Central levels.
need for reliable information for decision making requires no
emphasis. Already there
exist information sources in sectors like agriculture, power,
health, family welfare,
industries, education, employment, labour, transport,
communication, forest, roads, etc.,
at the district level. Information gets manually validated and
at the Districts, States and the Centre. This manual process has
Moreover, completeness and accuracy of data is another drawback
acknowledged by the
policy/ decision makers. This problem is being overcome by
capturing data at the source by
establishing District Informatics Centre.